Hormones and skin: what impact?External aggressions, age, genetics… So many factors that can influence the condition of your skin. But we must not omit one of the most important factors: hormones. Secreted from puberty until menopause, these hormones mark the life of a woman, for better (and for worse…).We explained it to you in one of our previous articles, hormones play a major role in the skin before and during menopause. But let's not forget that menopause is not the only period during which hormonal upheavals take place leading to skin changes. Puberty, premenstrual syndrome, menstrual cycle, pregnancy… are all episodes during which our small hormones reach a peak (or fall) which can have more or less intense skin repercussions depending on the person.NABILAApril 20231.Estrogen, progesterone, kesako Remember that a hormone is a molecule used to convey chemical messages in the body. It is secreted by a gland of the endocrine system and circulates in the body to regulate several functions of the body (growth, reproduction, nutrient metabolism, etc.). The same hormones are found in men and women but at different dosages, especially for the sex hormones testosterone, estrogen and progesterone.In women, estrogen and progesterone are secreted by the ovaries from puberty to menopause. Suffice to say that they punctuate a good part of a woman's life. These hormones reach a peak during the menstrual cycle or during pregnancy, thus causing hormonal upheavals that impact the appearance of the skin during these periods.EstrogensThese hormones are responsible for the development of our female organs. They are secreted by the ovaries and are released from the first day of the cycle, gradually increasing until they reach a peak around the 14th day of the cycle and trigger ovulation. This production of fluid secretions during this period takes place to facilitate the crossing of spermatozoa. After ovulation, the estrogen level drops again to its usual level.ProgesteroneIt goes hand in hand with estrogen by taking over after ovulation to prepare for a potential implantation of a fertilized egg. It therefore reaches a peak after ovulation just a few days before falling again to allow the uterine mucus to thicken and thus act as a barrier to any bacteria that could endanger a budding pregnancy. In the absence of pregnancy, these two hormones drop to the lowest level during the menstrual cycle.2. Estrogens, hormones of hydration and structureEstrogens have a global action on the body since they participate in retaining sodium and water while promoting protein synthesis. They play a major role in hydrating our skin by boosting the production of hyaluronic acid and collagen; this key protein in maintaining the consistency and suppleness of the skin is the framework of our body.Estrogen levels decline throughout life with a more steady decline with age. This is also the reason why, from a certain age, the skin tends to be drier, less smooth and less firm. Wrinkles appear, the skin relaxes and loses its suppleness. This is one of the consequences of the decline in estrogen production which reaches a significant drop during premenopause and menopause, to which are of course added the effect of external factors, such as UV rays, tobacco or pollution again. This is why it is absolutely necessary to take the greatest care and attention to your skin with highly moisturizing treatments that have a targeted action on the firmness and suppleness of the skin. It is in this spirit that we have developed our serum Milky veil to provide very intense daily hydration.4. Hormones and dark spotsAs developed in one of our previous articles, pigment spots can have various origins: skin aging, repeated exposure to the sun without protection, tobacco... But they can also arise from a disruption of female hormones (progesterone and estrogen) which would generate an overproduction of melanin giving way to a "melasma" with the appearance of large brown spots in several places on the face. Melasma, also called "pregnancy mask" causes hyperpigmentation of the face occurring in most cases (45% to 75% of women say they are affected) during the second trimester of pregnancy. According to some studies, this hyperpigmentation is likely to affect women who have taken a contraceptive pill more significantly.As you will have understood, we cannot do much against hormones, but certain cosmetic treatments can reduce the intensity of spots or prevent their appearance, such as our lightening and unifying serum. Milky veil.5. Stress and skin imperfectionsThe effects of stress can be felt in different forms in the body. Who has never had a few pimples when approaching an important event or due to lack of sleep?Here too, hormones have their role to play, and more particularly cortisol. This hormone is secreted in large quantities by the body in stressful situations and leads to a stimulation of sebum production, which is why when you are stressed, it is common to see imperfections pointing the tip of their nose.Good news though, cortisol levels can easily return to normal allowing those blemishes to fade quickly. A good night's sleep and/or a good physical activity will allow you to evacuate all the accumulated stress. We can therefore only advise you to regulate this rate because, in the long term, this hormone also stimulates the degradation of collagen, the protein that guarantees the firmness and suppleness of your skin...As you will have understood, hormones have a major role in the health and beauty of your skin. If we can not do much because their consequences are natural, we can nevertheless soothe the skin symptoms with cosmetic treatments.