Menopause is a delicate stage in a woman's life. Appearing on average at age 51, it has both emotional and physical effects that must be understood in order to experience menopause better. The latter isn't just about hot flashes, weight gain or moodiness. Indeed, like all hormonal variations that a woman experiences throughout her life, menopause also has impacts on the skin. But how does menopause affect your skin? Through this article, we help you better understand the changes that are taking placeent and adopt the right actions to maintain beautiful skin during menopause.
Menopause: definition and symptoms
La menopause corresponds to the final cessation ofa cycle ovarian and havensi when the reserve is exhausted oocytes present in the ovaries. The female body made therefore in the face of a collapse in estrogen levels. The diagnosis of menopause is made following the absence of menstruation observed for a year. When we talk about "menopause", we often forget the 2 transition periods that precede the permanent stopping of the rules:
The premenopause is the period of dysregulation which precedes menopause and where thethe first symptoms (hot flashes, acne or hyperpilosity resulting in ofs coarse hair especially above the lip and on the chin) ;
The perimenopause encompasses the premenopause and the year following stopping the rules. Horm secretionsonales are irregulareras and evolve in unpredictable ways. It is during this period, more or less long, that are the first to observe symptoms and changes of the appearance (sagging skin, weight gain…).
The impacts of the menopausal periode on the skin
The onset of menopause is accompanied by a hormonal change: the gradual decrease in the production of estrogen - estradiol - and progesterone. If they are above all sex hormones, they play however a role in skin in contributing to its hydration, her suppleness, regeneration and firmness. Lhas estrogen deficiency and in progesterone therefore has repercussions on the health and beauty of the skin. These changes are profound and not temporary. This is why it is important to understand the changes in your skin in order to act on them.
Loss of hydration, elasticity and firmness
There are many skin symptoms associated with menopause. Over time, the structure of the skin changes. The loss of hydration, elasticity and firmness is often one of the first visible changes. The gradual decrease in the synthesis of collagen and elastin, due to the drop in estrogen, results in par a less dense dermal tissue, deeper wrinkles and the appearance of dark spots from aging. The drop in estradiol, a type of estrogen that drives the general hydration of tissues, leads to a decrease in the water content of the dermis and in hyaluronic acid. So she loses its ability to retain water. At this comes add a trialmuch less effective healing due to the drop in estrogen, which plays an indirect role in the healing process and cell renewal.
The skin becomes drier
With menopause, you got it, the skin becomes less flexible, less thick, more scaly, rough and dry. It feels tight, itches and reqrequires special care and specific. These symptoms are caused by a less efficient functioning of fatty acids. Indeed, they are an integral part of cell membranes, ensuring the cohesion of cells and the tightness of the epidermis. In deficit atafter 50 years, fatty acids then find it more difficult to maintain hydration and play their role skin barrier. Menopausal women then observe ae evolution of their skin type: the skin dry becomes very dry and the skin oily becomes dry. Note that black skin is less affected by thist effect because they are thicker, denser and more resistant than skins clear. Finally, due to the gradual decrease in sebaceous secretions due to atrophy of the sebaceous and sweaty moors, the light is less well reflected, revealing duller and drier skin.
Skin problems may appear
Finally, others skin problems, caused by hormonal changes, can be observed at menopause : acne, rosacea, breakouts… Estrogen and progesterone regulate in women the production androgens, male hormones that stimulate sebum production. The decrease in female hormones, whati were playing their regulatory role, therefore has the effect of promoting acne and seborrhea.
Cares preferable skin
Taking care of your skin becomes more than essential. Once your skin problems have been identified, you shouldadopt a targeted skincare routine.
Choose rich and hydrating treatments
Without hydration, your skin cannot regain its suppleness, luminosity and radiance! Choose creams enriched with hyaluronic acid or even essential fatty acids (Omega 3 and 6). In addition to consolidating the barrier function of your skin and preventing water loss, these shields play a very important anti-inflammatory role during this period of life. This will help limit the loss of elasticity and suppleness and keep a clear, pure complexion. Our Well-Aging Ange Sensationnel cream, for example, is an intense anti-aging treatment that combines the benefits of date sap with those of prickly pear seed oil and hyaluronic acid.
Prickly pear is the active ingredient of choice for its richness in Essential Fatty Acids. More than ever, it is becoming essential to use a serum whose concentration of active ingredients is always greater than a cream. Your treatment should not only be moisturizing or antioxidant but should contain active ingredients with a complementary vocation to obtain a tenfold effect from their synergy of action.
Provide maximum nutrients to your skin
Hydration must be combined with a good supply of nutrients: antioxidants, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and trace elements. Vitamin E, for example, preserves cells from premature aging, stabilizes the structure of cell membranes, hydrates and activates the microcirculation cutaneous. This is why we systematically integrate it into our anti-aging treatments. Also think about apply regularly an "antioxidant" and / or "hydrating" mask to ensure that the loss of nutrients is compensated.
Promote cell regeneration
From menopause, the cell renewal process (which occurs in 21-day cycles) is slowed down by about 40%. Think of exfoliating your skin to boost the action of your care. The purpose of exfoliation is to rid the skin of all its dead cells, which are responsible for the loss of radiance and absorption of the treatments. Choosing an exfoliant that both eliminates dead cells and stimulates cell regeneration is therefore wise.
Choose non-abrasive and natural exfoliators, which exfoliate and nourish at the same time. At menopause, the skin becomes very thin and its protection is less assured. Favor treatments that protect your hydrolipidic film, this first barrier of the skin. Aloe vera juice is a marvel for this purpose!
The right rules to follow
In addition to the application of soon your skin, certain gestures and rules can bent help your skin during the delicate period of menopause.
Adapt your diet to menopause
Increase her consumption of protein, for example, helps to maintain muscle mass and bone tissue, to help repaircells damaged by free radicals and ensure the synthesis of the various fibers that make up the skin, such as collagen. Ideally, favor low-fat meats, fishn, eggs, grains and legumes. In addition, products rich in Omega 3 and 6 are very important for regulating inflammation. These Omega also allow a good oxygenation of the cells. You the will find in large quantities in therapeseed, walnut, soybean and linseed oil.
Physical activity is important during menopause
Don't neglect physical activity during menopause. Indeed, sport shows positive effects on elasticity and closedskin tee. It activates blood circulation, helps eliminate toxins and releases stress, which is often responsible for acne breakouts.
Don't forget the hair and nails!
Hair and nails also need a supply of oligo-elements, essential fatty acids and fibers because keratin, their basic protein, suffers from menopause. The nails split, weaken and break. Hair, on the other hand, is drier, more brittle and duller. Brewer's yeast and lspirulina are excellent fortifiers for hair and nails. Also remember to moisturize your hands regularly and protect them from the cold and from the contact with household products.
Massage your face to boost circulation
Due to the increased discharge of adrenaline and cortisol into the blood during the period of perimenopause, blood circulation is less well. So now is the time to adopt the right massage gestures to boost circulation!
Massage, provided it is done well, stimulates cell exchanges and initiates cell division. Take pleasure in massaging yourself and do not hesitate to make it an evening ritual. Opt for oil-based serums virgins which facilitate massage and at the same time fill your skin with active ingredients.
We interviewed Fabienne Crocq, facial massage specialist and founder of the program Yksilö "Dare your well-being". Here are his tips:
"By entering the period of perimenopause or menopause, it is important to maintain the skin tone, in order to maintain a beautiful oval face and smooth skin. Theself-massage acts on blood and lymphatic circulation. Practiced regularly, it boosts the radiance of the complexion and smoothes the tissues. Here is a few steps to follow for a pleasant and effective facial massage:
- Use small backgammon pinches all over the face and neck to activate blood circulation to the epidermis. After a few minutes, the tissues are revascularized, the reoxygenated complexion becomes pink and fresh. These pinches are ideal before a lifting massage.
- Then apply an oily serum all over the face and neck using slow, supported, upward movements that work from the chin to the temples. This will have the effect of lifting and redrawing the oval of the face. Then practice this same gesture starting from the cheekbones towards the temples in order to equalize the cheeks.
- The eye contour area requires a lot of attention because it is 15 times thinner than the rest of the face. It is therefore important to use softer and lighter movements for this area ".
And in pictures, to allow you to visualize the gestures.
As always, if you are concerned by this subject and wish to have more information, we remain at your disposal.